Most people are unaware of the different types of dates in the market but they are crucial for those who are trying to populate their diet with healthy and nutritious meals. While a lot of date production is dedicated to using dates as an ingredient for baking and desserts, there are actually various types of dates in the market. Here are some of the popular dates that you can find in the market :
Medjoul dates are a variety of dates enjoyed for their natural sweetness. They’re larger, darker, and more caramel-like in taste than other common types like Deglet Nour. They have a single pit surrounded by edible flesh. Native to Morocco, Medjool dates come from the date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera) and are now grown in warm regions of the United States, the Middle East, South Asia, and Africa.They’re often sold dried but not dehydrated, making them soft and sticky. Their sugars become more concentrated as they dry, which further increases their sweetness.
Deglet Nour literally means "date-palm of light" and also known as "heavenly date”. They are cultivated since 5000 years in Tunisia and they are characterized by its oval shape and brown color with yellowish flakes. They have a comparatively less sweet flavor profile and are thought of as a bit less of a condiment and more so incorporated in whole dishes. The taste of a pitted date is similar to cashew and browned butter. It has a very nutty finish taste.
Mazafati known as “Bam” Dates
It is grown in the region of southern Iran, mainly in Bam, Jiroft, Kahnuj (in Kerman province), Saravan, Nikshahr, Haji Abad and Iranshahr (in Sistan-o-Baluchestan province), Panjgur, Parom and Buleda in Pakistani province of Balochistan. These dates are semi-wet dates with relative humidity between 15 to 35% depending on the time of harvest and the type and place of planting.
Safawi date, being one of the more popular dates, is a soft, semi-dried date variety. Safawi dates mainly grow in Saudi Arabia in the Al-Madina region.Characteristically identified by their particular deep black colour, their length and medium size. They share similarities with Ajwa dates such as taste. They are however more oblong in shape as compared to the Ajwa date.
Known as the king of dates, Ajwa dates contain high amounts of natural fiber, which is effective in aiding digestion. They are a good source of the mineral potassium. This essential mineral is necessary for the maintenance of muscle contractions in the body. Individuals with constipation and other digestive problems may benefit from consuming Ajwa dates. It works through providing roughage to the body, which then stimulates the sluggish bowels and relieves constipation.They are blackish, round in shape, and firm in texture. Ajwa dates have a chocolate amber taste that goes well with a cup of coffee or tea. These dates are very unique in taste and a great option for a healthy snack.
These are just some of the dates in the market. Do lookout for our part 2 where you can learn more about other varieties.
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